The EC published its recommendations on the NECPs and they are in line with CPMR preliminary analysis’ results.
On the 18th of June, the European Commission has issued its recommendations on the draft Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs). In such plans, the Member States have to detail the policies and measures, from 2021 to 2030, to reach the 2030 EU climate and energy targets, as well as the Paris Agreements goals. The final NECPs will have to be sent to the Commission on the 31st of December 2019.
The recommendations – by underlying the short time to draft the NECPs – ask for further ambition to the Member States, in particular, in terms of renewables and energy efficiency, as the aggregated contributions are not enough to reach the 2030 targets. Furthermore, further policy detail and better specified investment needs – among others – are asked.
Similar insights regarding a lack of policy detail were also found in the analysis that the CPMR is conducting on the draft NECPs. The CPMR analysis is based on the draft NECPs and on the input of the regions to a questionnaire, to which it is still possible to contribute. The analysis focuses on four main topics:
1) Regional involvement in the NECPs;
2) The NECPs general objectives;
3) Marine renewable energies;
The preliminary results – based on the replies of more than 20 regions – show that regional involvement was low and, in several cases, cosmetic. However, one needs to take into account that Member States were not obliged to establish a dialogue with national stakeholders on the draft NECPs.
The lack of involvement on the drafting of the NECPs has led several regions to consider the NECPs as to be not territorialised. The lack of a territorial approach in the NECPs could lead to difficulties in policy implementation.
The general objectives in the NECPs are considered positively and some regions do even push for more ambitious policies. However, the lack of policy detail on how to reach the objectives might pose a problem. Furthermore, regions have already policies and strategies that could inspire their NECPs.
As for marine renewable energies, most NECPs do not mention them or do it only superficially. This is a main concern, as they can be an instrument to ensure that maritime regions can reach national targets based on their strengths. As regards transport, the measures presented are heterogenous and lack of detail in terms of implementation.